Metal fabrication is a process that changes raw metal materials combined with a variety of other materials. It includes a lot of various techniques to change the original form of the metal, from punching holes to creating different textures. Many industries use metal fabrication, including manufacturing, industrial, automotive, and commercial industries. When you want to know more about metal fabrication, it helps to start with the types of materials and metals that are used.

Types of Steel 

One of the most common types of metal use din metal fabrication is steel, hence the name steel fabrication. There are multiple grades and types of steel that might be used for this type of manufacturing process. For example, come carbon steels will be used, which are used for the more basic steel fabrication processes. There might also be stainless steel that is used, which is a type of high alloy with some chromium content. They also contain a good amount of iron. There are different grades of stainless steel used, including ferritic, martensitic, and austenitic. The difference is typically how magnetic it is and what other metals it contains. You may also see alloy steels used, which is used when carbon steels don't work for that particular process.

Other Metals Used

You may also notice that additional metals are used in metal fabrication. Aluminum is a big one when steel isn't being used. This metal is flexible and versatile, not to mention more affordable for the raw materials. Unfortunately, it isn't quite as strong as steel since aluminum can lose part of the alloy during the heating process. Though some low-temperature applications exist, making aluminum a good option for certain industries, such as when making parts for airplanes. There are also specific grades of aluminum, such as heat treatable aluminum or aircraft quality aluminum. While not used as often, you might also see copper, silver, brass, or bronze used in metal fabrication.

Types of Processes

Now that you know what metals and raw materials might be used in metal fabrication, it helps to understand about the different processes involved in this practice. Punching, casting, welding, and forging are very common practices in metal fabrication. Some other processes that might be involved include shearing, spinning, and drawing. Also consider that certain specialties are involved depending on the industry and customer needs, ranging from hydraulics to electrical services.

This is a good start to the types of metal materials used in metal fabrication.